What is the relationship between proximity and familiarity

Propinquity - Wikipedia

what is the relationship between proximity and familiarity

Proximity means geographical closeness. An obvious and basic requirement for forming a relationship is that the people involved need to be geographically. They met while in the same town, but started dating while apart. Proximity helped them to develop an initial relationship as friends, but other. attraction and then possibly later close relationships between two people. . Being in close proximity to someone is likely to promote friendship. •. Familiarity: proximity also promotes familiarity and familiarity also increases liking for.

Proximity, Familiarity, and Relationships | Applied Social Psychology (ASP)

In fact, my two closest friends from this time, Madison and Sarah, and I shared a locker in first grade due to alphabetical orderand Madison, who is still my best friend to this day, lives about two minutes from my house. This is where we can see the proximity effect in action. Due to our last names, Madison, Sarah, Charlotte, Lauren, and myself were frequently in contact with one another. This allowed us to talk to one another and learn about one another, leading to comfortable interactions.

Then, because we had so much contact with one another, the familiarity effect came into play. Positive feelings were enhanced and friendships were solidified.

what is the relationship between proximity and familiarity

The example of my sister is extremely similar to the example provided by Schneider et al. Like Chris and Lee, my sister and this boy did not really know one another, but ended up sitting together in a history class in college.

what is the relationship between proximity and familiarity

Due to this proximity, they began to become more comfortable with one another and learn more about each other, eventually breeding attraction. Similarly, when my best friend studied in London, she and another boy had schedules that were exactly the same.

Gestalt Laws: Similarity, Proximity and Closure

They lived in the same building and were in the same classes and groups during this semester. Like my sister and the boy in her history class, this close proximity led to easy conversation and eventual attraction.

While their eventual relationship was definitely helped by his proximity to the family, it seems that the frequent contact between the two is what truly made a difference. It increased familiarity and, subsequently, their mutual liking of each other. Similarly, my friend and the man from her church came in contact with one another frequently at church events, in which they were both extremely active. Again, this increased familiarity, as she became comfortable with him and saw him at a variety of different events.

She also correctly assumed that they had a lot in common, another impact of the familiarity effect. As we saw with my close friends, they all had last names in similar regions of the alphabet, leading to us being grouped together frequently, increasing our proximity and leading to friendships. Propinquity can be more than just physical distance.

Residents of an apartment building living near a stairway, for example, tend to have more friends from other floors than those living further from the stairway. In a study on interpersonal attraction Piercey and Piercey,23 graduate psychology students, all from the same class, underwent 9 hours of sensitivity training in two groups.

Students were given pre- and post-tests to rate their positive and negative attitudes toward each class member.

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Members of the same sensitivity training group rated each other higher in the post-test than they rated members of the other group in both the pre- and post-test, and members of their own group in the pre-test. The results indicated that the 9 hours of sensitivity training increased the exposure of students in the same group to each other, and thus they became more likeable to each other.

For example, there was a British study done on immigrant Irish women to observe how they interacted with their new environments Ryan, This study showed that there were certain people with whom these women became friends much more easily than others, such as classmates, workplace colleagues, and neighbours as a result of shared interests, common situations, and constant interaction.

For women who still felt out of place when they began life in a new place, giving birth to children allowed for different ties to be formed, ones with other mothers. Having slightly older children participating in activities such as school clubs and teams also allowed social networks to widen, giving the women a stronger support base, emotional or otherwise.

Many studies have been performed in assessing various propinquities and their effect on marriage.

Proximity, Familiarity, Similarity, and Reciprocity in My Own Relationships | Seth Kahn

Virtual propinquity[ edit ] The introduction of instant messaging and video conferencing has reduced the effects of propinquity. Online interactions have facilitated instant and close interactions with people despite a lack of material presence. This allows a notional "virtual propinquity" to work on virtual relationships where people are connected virtually.

what is the relationship between proximity and familiarity