Pakistan: China, Russia, Pakistan joining hands on Afghan problem: Report - The Economic Times
It warns that "militants in Pakistan and Afghanistan pose a direct threat to the United The Task Force supports the U.S. investment in a long-term partnership with "Afghanistan needs a self-sustaining foundation for generating jobs and. The Council on Foreign Relations sponsors Independent Task Forces to assess issues of current . December review of U.S. strategy in Afghanistan concludes that percent of Pakistan's industrial employment is in textiles, it is likely. Although the outreach to Pakistan by Afghan President Ashraf Ghani has warmed relations between the two countries, Pakistan's geostrategic outlook and the.
If India-Pakistan- Afghanistan cooperates by recognizing one another as opportunities not as threat, the level of trust deficit will minimize and a new era of peace will like to see.
Introduction Some of our toughest challenges lie in our immediate neighbourhood. The fact is that we cannot realise our growth ambitions unless we ensure peace and stability in South Asia. From South Asian point of view, New Delhi has long been an exclusive player of influence and has sought to prevent the intervention of external powers in the affairs of the region.
It is the pre- eminent country in South Asia in terms of size, population, economy and military power. It accounts for three quarters of the population as well as the geographical area of South Asia, 80 per cent of the total GDP of the region, and spends five times more than the rest of the countries put together on its defence.
India has tried to maintain good and friendly relations with immediate and extended neighbours. The Indo-Afghan relationship is not a simple bilateral engagement rather beyond. India's Afghan policy is driven by, and is dependent on, many extraneous factors like India's troubled relationship with Pakistan, its search for a land transit to Central Asia through Iran and Afghanistan and its concerns regarding use of Afghan territory by Pakistan to the detriment of Indian interests.
Given the geographical constraints, India has relied on Iran for land access to Afghanistan. India has also tried to address Pakistani apprehensions regarding its engagement in Afghanistan. Its decision to resume bilateral dialogue in spite of domestic pressures against any such initiative post-Mumbai and the inclusion of Balochistan in the joint statement issued at Sharm-al-Sheikh in are part of New Delhi's policy to build confidence with Islamabad.
Simultaneously, India has gained enormous political capital through its economic engagement with other countries of the region. This is likely to help it to sustain its presence in Afghanistan afterwhen the Taliban may be a part of the government in Kabul or will wither away or came in power once again.
Afghanistan has experienced a relentless welter of swift and jarring changes in its recent history. Since the s, following a fifty-year period of relatively peaceful and gradual development, Afghanistan was whipsawed through Cold War great-power competition, accompanied by a Soviet invasion, Communism, and jihadism; fratricidal civil war perpetrated by ethnic militias acting as regional proxies; the rise of Taliban and Bin Laden; and pacification and democratization under U.
Over the past thirty years, perhaps half of the population has been displaced, with one-third leaving the country altogether. More than a million Afghans were killed, and millions more were wounded, traumatized, or died prematurely due to the lack of sufficient food, clean water, or basic medical care.
The educated and skilled left the country, arms flooded in, and the scourge of crime, corruption, drugs, and a culture of impunity has overwhelmed the economy and traditional structures of governance and peacemaking. The present pro-US Afghan regime is unable to determine the future of www. Implications for Pakistan Afghanistan as it has failed to win the confidence of the people. The Pakhtuns and non-Pakhtuns in the government have divergent opinions on countless issues, including power sharing.
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The government is also under challenge from independent warlords, poppy producers, smugglers and the ousted Taliban guerrillas who the government says are jumping into the fray with external support allegedly from Pakistan. All potential forces of disruption ethnic, sectarian and tribal are casting ominous shadows which could lead to disintegration of the country. India has adopted soft power approach towards Afghanistan, to revive its historical, traditional, socio- cultural and civilizational linkages with the country.
The two countries have been stuck in a classic security dilemma in so far as their Afghan policies are concerned, in that any measure by either side to increase its security is liable to trigger a reaction thus causing deterioration in the overall regional balance. There is trust deficit between India and Pakistan that is why there relations are not stable.
They are playing their role to meet their strategic and political interests in the region. India is a stable country of Asia that has the potential to play a dominant role to play.
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As far as India is concerned, it is not member of NATO but it is very active for reconstruction and economic development of Afghanistan. India does not take part in military activities in Afghanistan from coalition sides due to various reasons. Firstly, India does not provide land, air or sea routes to the coalition forces like other regional countries because India did not want to sacrifice the core value of national unity.
Secondly, the war on terrorism was against pre known militant organisations in Afghanistan like Taliban and Al Qaida. In other words, it was against Muslim radical and extremist organisations. If India provides any land, air or sea base, it may hit the sentiments of Muslims of India. Thirdly, Non- involvement in front of war against Afghan has minimised the anti Indian sentiments among the Afghan. The Indian government is building roads, providing medical facilities, and helping with educational programs in an effort to develop and enhance long-term Afghan capabilities.
Implications for Pakistan compulsions. The task of rebuilding and reconstructing Afghanistan is enormous. Our unflinching and unconditional cooperation is available to the Afghan nation, as it pursues the return of prosperity and restoration of peace and stability in Afghanistan.
We have made some contributions towards humanitarian assistance, reconstruction and rehabilitation. As a major regional power, with ambitions of extending its influence beyond its immediate neighbourhood, India has worked towards reviving the role of Afghanistan as a land bridge, thereby connecting South Asia with Central Asia to tap the energy resources of the region.
With the prospects of linking stability with greater economic integration, India has actively promoted greater trade and economic integration of Afghanistan with South Asia through the regional economic mechanism of the South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation SAARC. Reconstruction of the Salma Dam power project is also competed with assistance of India. These sectors have been identified by the Afghan Government as priority areas of development.
China, Russia, Pakistan joining hands on Afghan problem: Report
The project on completion in February will supply electricity to Kabul from the Termez power project in Uzbekistan. India is keen to have a much larger role in training Afghan National Security Forces.
This gas pipeline is passing through conflict prone areas like Afghanistan and Pakistan, thus the biggest challenge for New Delhi is its security.WHY US-PAKISTAN RELATIONSHIP IS GETTING INTO TROUBLE? TOP 5 FACTS
Route of TAPI gas pipeline. Implications for Pakistan India also realises that stability can result in Afghanistan only if all the major actors and countries have a stake in its stability, growth and prosperity. India has, thus, been championing efforts to attract regional and trans-regional investment into Afghanistan that provides a viable alternative to the dominant narrative of extremism and offers job opportunities to its population, by pioneering events like the Delhi Investment Summit on Afghanistan in June Indian prime minister, Manmohan Singh said, he had frank discussions regarding terrorism threats during his meeting with Afghan president Hamid Karzai.
India is considered as a major power in the region and the country has played an important role in Afghanistan reconstruction after the fall of the Taliban regime in On the other hand, India is concerned regarding the expansion of violence in the region in such a time where the International coalition forces are planning to withdraw from Afghanistan. From the Afghan side, high level visits to India included President Hamid Karzai's state visit in November,had intensive discussions with political and business leaders and oversaw the signing of four Memorandum of Undertakings MoUs with India.
Afghanistan and India sign 'strategic partnership'
No doubt Afghanistan has geo strategic importance for India but Pakistan is also an important factor that acts as a bridge between the two. Sajjad Ashraf, a former Pakistan ambassador to Singapore talks about the economic and strategic and geopolitical importance of Afghanistan for India and Pakistan and suggests that the countries involved want to develop Afghanistan s a hub linking South and Central Asia since it sits in both regions.
He further added that India is concerned, which everyone should be, at the return of a medieval Taliban like regime in Kabul that could become the staging ground for cross border extremism into India. It quoted military and Foreign Office sources as saying that the three countries were inching closer to formalising their relationship with an aim to bring regional stability, particularly seeking a political solution to the Afghan war. The sources said Pakistan as well as China and Russia reached a conclusion that the US wanted to prolong the conflict in Afghanistan.
Indo-Afghan Relations after September Implications for Pakistan | Naseer Ahmed - blogmaths.info
This situation, officials pointed out, has left Pakistan with no other option but to seek a regional solution by involving Russia, China and Iran. Moscow already hosted two meetings involving Pakistani and Chinese officials to discuss the Afghanistan problem. Another such gathering with a larger audience is scheduled later this month.
The objective of these meetings is to evolve a regional consensus for the lingering conflict in Afghanistan. The biggest fear among the regional countries, including China and Russia, is the emergence of IS in Afghanistan. There were reports that thousands of fighters were being sent to Afghanistan from Syria, a development, Pakistan, Russia and China believe is aimed at further destabilising the war-torn country.
These countries suspect the US may be using IS as a proxy to further its interests, particularly to counter China and a resurgent Russia. For Pakistan, this is dangerous scenario as prolonged instability in Afghanistan will continue to cast shadow on its progress and stability. Gen Shoaib, who is closely connected with the military establishment, endorsed the assessment that the US was not ready to bring stability to Afghanistan.
He also claimed that Pakistan has already conveyed to the Trump Administration that Russia and China were coming in a big way in Afghanistan if the United States does not take steps to clear the mess.