22 Things You Most Likely Didn't Know About Jotiba Phule
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InJotiba Phule joined a Scottish school as a part-time teacher. InMahatma Jotiba Phule suffered a stroke, which rendered the right side of the body to stop functioning. At Bombay, inMahatma Jotiba Phule emphasised that the lower castes should organise their ritualistic and religious activities themselves so that the role of the Brahmin priest becomes redundant.
Mahatma Jyotiba Phule asked economic assistance from Government for his educational institutions. First schools for the untouchables and girls were started by Phule couple. At a time when even the shadow of untouchables was considered impure when the people were unwilling to offer water to thirsty untouchables, Savitribai Phule and Mahatma Jotiba Phule opened the well in their house for the use of untouchables.
First ever infanticide prohibition home of India was started by Phule couple. Infirst ever orphanage home was started by Jotiba Phule and Savitribai Phule, hence gave protection to pregnant widows who were demonised in the society. Jotiba Phule published Powada: Gulamgiri is one of the famous works of Jotiba Phule. On 16th NovemberMajor Candy felicitated Jotiba Phule for his contribution in the field of education.
On 18 July When the Government wanted to grant more licences for liquor-shops, Jotirao condemned this move, as he believed that addiction to liquor would ruin many poor families. Standing for the Freedom of Press — On 30th Novemberthe President of the Poona Municipality requested the members to approve his proposal of spending one thousand rupees on the occasion of the visit of Lord Lytton, the Governor-General of India. The officials wanted to present him an address during his visit to Poona.
Lytton had passed an Act, which resulted in gagging the press, and Deenbandhu, the organ of the Satya Shodhak Samaj, had protested against the restrictions on the right to freedom of the press. Jotirao did not like the idea of spending the money of the taxpayers in honouring a guest like Lytton. He boldly suggested that the amount could be very well spending on the education of the poor people in Poona. He was the only member out of all the thirty-two nominated members of the Poona Municipality who voted against the official resolution.
Dressed like a peasant, Jotirao attended the function and made a speech.
Dharmashastra : Einführung und Überblick
He commented on the rich invitees who displayed their wealth by wearing diamond-studded jewellery and warned the visiting dignitaries that the people who had gathered there did not represent India.
If the Duke of Connaught was really interested in finding out the condition of the Indian subjects of Her Majesty the Queen of England, Jotirao suggested that he ought to visit some nearby villages as well as the areas in the city occupied by the untouchables.
He requested the Duke of Connaught who was a grandson of Queen Victoria to convey his message to her and made a strong plea to provide education to the poor people. Shetiba had three sons- Ranoji, Krushnaji and Govind.
Govindrao was married to one Chimnabai. Joti was one of their sons.Meet the Robinsons You Failed!
Mahatma Phule Jotirao was born on 11th April After Jotirao's birth, within a year, his mother died. He had his primary education during Inhe got married to Savitribai, the daughter of Shri. Khandoji Nevshe Patil from village Naigaon, Tal. Due to certain circumstances Jotirao had to give up his education for some years. Munshi Gafar Beg and Mr. With this advice, Jotirao's name was enrolled in an English school, in This book gave him a new insight into social transformation.
After completing his education, instead of taking a job, Jotirao helped his father in his profession. During this period an important incident took place in his life. On the basis of his caste, Jotirao was humiliated in the marriage of a friend at the hands of the upper caste mob. He condemned this as social injustice. Fired by this realization he started his struggle for the liberation of the lower castes. He started the first school for girls, at Pune, in the year Jotirao prepared his wife Savitribai to teach in the girls' school, with a view to educating the women first, in order to bring in the value of equality at home.
Savitribai had to face bitter opposition from the orthodox people in the society for teaching girls and people from the underprivileged groups in the school. Despite this bitter opposition, Jotirao and Savitribai continued their work with sincerity.
Jotirao was the first Indian to start a school for girls and women. His work in the field of Education obtained recognition from the British Government and Jotirao was felicitated in a special programme held on 16th November, Similarly he started the infanticide prevention centre 'Balhatya Pratibandhak Griha' for infants born to hapless widows because of their deviant behavior or exploitation. This centre for safe deliveries for widows was started at his own house in In this work Jotirao got invaluable help from his wife Savitribai and some of his other associates.
During those days, the untouchables were forbidden to fetch water from public sources of water public wells. Jotirao allowed the untouchables to fetch water from the well in the premises of his house.
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- Life Sketch of Mahatma Phule
In order to institutionalize social education, and have a continuous follow up, Jotirao established 'Satyashodhak Samaj' on 24th September Kabir's thoughts played an important role in the establishment of the Satyashodhak Samaj. Humans are great by their qualities.
Incantations, penance, rituals, rebirth- do not have any reality. Bhat Brahmins or middlemen are not at all necessary for the worship of the Almighty.
Hence the Satyashodhak Samaj had the great ideals of Equality. Non-requirement of middlemen in religious matters.
This message spread throughout Maharashtra. This representation included the following points Primary Education should be compulsory. Primary Education for women needs to be encouraged. Education to the people in India should be given in a useful manner with need - based contents Suggestions for the education of deprived children. Taking into consideration the problem of Universalisation of Education of the people in the lower strata's of the society, Jotirao strongly opposed the 'Filtration Theory'.
One of the associates of Mahatma Jotirao Phule, Shri. Mahatma Jotirao Phule was present conspicuously in the dress of a poor farmer and effectively communicated the impecunious circumstances of the Indian farmers. He also acquainted the British Prince with the problems related to their education. Mahatma Jotirao Phule requested the dignitary to convey this message to the Queen. Mahatma Jotirao Phule opined that the curriculum should be such that education becomes practically useful in life.
Taking into consideration the importance of Agriculture in our country, he opined that Agriculture should be included in the curriculum. He realized that the following factors were responsible for drop outs in education: After taking a review of these factors, he suggested useful measures to combat the situation.
He implemented these measures in his schools. He suggested that the schools should impart education based on professional skills. He believed that such a curriculum would attract students and this arrangement would help in preventing unemployment.
22 Things You Most Likely Didn’t Know About Jotiba Phule
For maintaining a high quality of education, he opined that: The teachers in primary schools should be trained. In order to impart social education to those in the lower strata of the society, the teachers themselves should be from the lower strata of society. The teachers should have the knowledge of Agriculture and the minimal knowledge of health and hygiene.
He emphasized that apart from their pay, teachers from villages should be given a special allowance, commensurate with the number of successful students, they had trained. At all levels, education should be under the control of Government. Jotirao employed various methods and remedies in his mission for social education and social transformation: Production of literature Jotirao produced ample literature with a view to facilitate social education and not degrade it into mere entertainment.
Letter Writing Jotirao resorted to effective letter writing in prose and poetry- In order to convey his principles and thoughts regarding social education in public life and at the family level.