Battle of Appomattox Court House - Wikipedia
But when Lee surrendered to Grant on April 9, , America's Iliad was Are Our Countrymen Again': Grant and Lee Meet at Appomattox. Question Sheet for Lee and Grant at Appomattox Court House Summarize the details of the formal meeting of surrender between Generals Lee and. Grant. The Battle of Appomattox Court House (Virginia, U.S.), fought on the morning of April 9, , . At a.m., Lee rode out to meet Grant, accompanied by three of his aides. Grant received Lee's first letter on the morning of April 9 as he was.
Lee replied that he did, and the two conversed in a very cordial manner, for approximately 25 minutes. The subject had not yet gotten around to surrender until finally, Lee, feeling the anguish of defeat, brought Grant's attention to it. Grant, who later confessed to being embarrassed at having to ask for the surrender from Lee, said simply that the terms would be just as he had outlined them in a previous letter.
The terms would parole officers and enlisted men but required that all Confederate military equipment be relinquished. The discussion between the generals then drifted into the prospects for peace, but Lee, once again taking the lead, asked Grant to put his terms in writing. When Grant finished, he handed the terms to his former adversary, and Lee -- first donning spectacles used for reading-- quietly looked them over.
When he finished reading, the bespectacled Lee looked up at Grant and remarked "This will have a very happy effect on my army. Lee explained that his men would need these animals to farm once they returned to civilian life. Grant responded that he would not change the terms as written which had no provisions allowing private soldiers to keep their mounts but would order his officers to allow any Confederate claiming a horse or a mule to keep it.
General Lee agreed that this concession would go a long way toward promoting healing.
The Meeting Between Lee and Grant
Grant's generosity extended further. When Lee mentioned that his men had been without rations for several days, the Union commander arranged for 25, rations to be sent to the hungry Confederates.
After formal copies of the surrender terms, and Lee's acceptance, had been drafted and exchanged, the meeting ended. In a war that was marked by such divisiveness and bitter fighting, it is remarkable that it ended so simply. Grant's compassion and generosity did much to allay the emotions of the Confederate troops.
As for Robert E. Lee, he realized that the best course was for his men to return home and resume their lives as American citizens. Porter Alexander had suggested fighting a guerilla war, but Lee had rejected the idea. It would only cause more pain and suffering for a cause that was lost.
Lee sat at the marble-topped table on the left, Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Gordon attacked Sheridan's cavalry and quickly forced back the first line under Brevet Brig.
The next line, held by Brig. Mackenzie and George Crookslowed the Confederate advance. Lee's cavalry saw these Union forces and immediately withdrew and rode off towards Lynchburg.
James Longstreet 's corps to the northeast.
Appomattox Court House - HISTORY
Colonel Charles Venable of Lee's staff rode in at this time and asked for an assessment, and Gordon gave him a reply he knew Lee did not want to hear: The only notable officer opposed to surrender was Longstreet's chief of artillery, Brig. Edward Porter Alexanderwho predicted that if Lee surrendered then "every other [Confederate] army will follow suit".
Grant received Lee's first letter on the morning of April 9 as he was traveling to meet Sheridan. Grant recalled his migraine seemed to disappear when he read Lee's letter,  and he handed it to his assistant Rawlins to read aloud before composing his reply: General, Your note of this date is but this moment, I am at this writing about four miles West of Walker's Church and will push forward to the front for the purpose of meeting you.
Notice sent to me on this road where you wish the interview to take place. Marshall scrutinized Appomattox Court House, a small village of roughly twenty buildings that served as a waystation for travelers on the Richmond-Lynchburg Stage Road.
Appomattox Court House
After several hours of correspondence between Grant and Lee, a cease-fire was enacted and Grant received Lee's request to discuss surrender terms. Surrender[ edit ] Union soldiers at the courthouse in April Well-dressed in his customary uniform, Lee waited for Grant to arrive.Surrender at Appomattox - Abridged Version
Grant, whose headache had ended when he received Lee's note, arrived at the McLean house in a mud-spattered uniform—a government-issue sack coat with trousers tucked into muddy boots, no sidearms, and with only his tarnished shoulder straps showing his rank. Lee brought the attention back to the issue at hand, and Grant offered the same terms he had before: In accordance with the substance of my letter to you of the 8th inst.
Rolls of all the officers and men to be made in duplicate.
One copy to be given to an officer designated by me, the other to be retained by such officer or officers as you may designate. The officers to give their individual paroles not to take up arms against the Government of the United States until properly exchanged, and each company or regimental commander sign a like parole for the men of their commands. The arms, artillery and public property to be parked and stacked, and turned over to the officer appointed by me to receive them.
This will not embrace the side-arms of the officers, nor their private horses or baggage. This done, each officer and man will be allowed to return to their homes, not to be disturbed by United States authority so long as they observe their paroles and the laws in force where they may reside.
Officers were allowed to keep their sidearms, horses, and personal baggage. Parkera Native American of the Seneca tribeand completed around 4 p. Grant soon visited the Confederate army, and then he and Lee sat on the McLean home's porch and met with visitors such as Longstreet and George Pickett before the two men left for their capitals.